Today we had a fire safety training and mock drill to simulate the situation of actual fire and how to make you and other safe in that case.
But before that story, i would like to tell you some principles about fire.
Fire needs three things to start:
If any one of these three things is missing then fire doesn’t start.
Now the basic principle for fire safety is to remove or stop the supply of any on of these three necessary things for fire start.
Now there are mainly 4-5 types of fuel:
1. Class A or Solid: Like paper, coal, and human itself is a big fuel, etc.
2. Class B or Liquid: Kerosene oil, Petrol, Mustard oil, etc.
3. Class C or Gaseous: LPG, Methane, etc.
4. Class D or Combustible Metals: Phosphorous, Sodium, uranium, etc.
5. Class E or Electrical equipment
and there are corresponding fire extinguisher to each class. Some fire extinguishers can be used for multiple class like ABC (can be used on solids, liquids, gas source of fire) or BC(liquids and gas). These are the labels on the fire extinguishers. Carefully check the type of fire extinguisher before use because it can be dangerous to use one type of extinguisher in all situation like you can’t use water in these situations:
1. Fire from short circuit.
2. Fire from oil.
In these type of situation powder type of fire extinguishers are useful. These powder type fire extinguishers are commonly known as DCP or Dry Chemical Powder.
Main type fire extinguishers are:
1. CO2 type
2. Foam type
4. Water, etc.
The main thing that instructor told us, in case you smell LPG gas in your house when returning from outside. Don’t switch on or off the electricity in any corner of the house because LPG may have been spread till that time in the entire house and when you will either switch on or switch off the electricity (it generates a spark) and this spark is the heat source for the LPG gas and you will be surrounded by the fire.
Make sure to close the LPG cylinder regulator before going outside your home for a long time (several days).
When you see fire near you, please shout loudly for help also and do what you can do meanwhile help arrives. Because this increase the possibility of survival.
In case the fire starts and there are electric circuits near by then don’t use water or you will be electrocuted. You can try to stop the fire with soil or sand or some towel, with briskly swinging the towel/cloth on the fire but be aware that fire doesn’t spread nearby.
And one of the important thing to overcome fire is that you should use your brain/mind also rather than just pushing hard to stop the fire (you may instead increasing the fire like you are putting water on fire from oil). So, use your mind in those cases.
Search the internet if you need more information. I will keep you updated once i get more information.